THE floating Christian hospital organisation Mercy Ships has
halted its latest visit to West Africa, as a result of the
Ebola-virus outbreak that is affecting the region.
So far, 1552 people are reported to have been killed by the
virus, which began in Guinea but has spread to Sierra Leone,
Liberia, and Nigeria. Another outbreak was reported last weekend in
the Congo. On Thursday, the World Health Organisation warned that
the number of cases could rise to 20,000 (3069 cases have been
reported to date).
The MV Africa Mercy is now docked at the Canary Islands
because it is not equipped for an infectious epidemic.
"Multi-bed wards and limited isolation facilities, close
proximity to crew accommodation, and dining for families and
children are but a few restraints," the founder of the charity, Don
Stephens, said. "We also hire 200 day crew in each port as part of
our training and capacity building for Africa. . . Africa is and
remains our priority, but crew safety drives every decision."
Nearly ten per cent of those infected with the virus have been
doctors and medical staff treating victims of the outbreak.
A 29-year-old volunteer nurse in Sierra Leone, William Pooley,
has become the first British person to contract the illness. Mr
Pooley, who worked for the Shepherd's Hospice, volunteered to work
on an Ebola ward when he heard that medical staff had died and
patients had been abandoned.
He has since been flown home, and is in isolation at the Royal
Free Hospital, Hampstead, where he has been given a dose of the
experimental drug ZMapp, which has helped some patients (News,
The executive director of the Shepherd's Hospice, Gabriel
Madiye, said that Mr Pooley had been aware of the risks, but was
determined to work there. "We consider him a hero," he said.
"Somebody who is sacrificing to provide care in very difficult
circumstances - when our own health workers are running away."
The World Health Organisation said that the "heavy toll on
health-care workers" had consequences that further impeded control
efforts, such as the closure of health facilities. "Ebola has taken
the lives of prominent doctors in Sierra Leona and Liberia,
depriving these countries not only of experienced and dedicated
medical care but also of inspiring national heroes," it said.
"In many cases, medical staff are at risk because no protective
equipment is available - not even gloves and face masks."
The current outbreak is the largest ever, and has infected an
estimated 2615 people. Just over half of those infected have
Two aid workers from the United States working in Liberia were
released from hospital last week after recovering from the virus
August). Dr Kent Brantly, who was working as doctor with
Samaritan's Purse, and a colleague, Nancy Writebol, from the
partner organisation Serving in Mission, were also treated with
ZMapp. Supplies of the drug are now exhausted.
At a news conference on his release from hospital, Dr Brantly
said: "I am for ever thankful to God for sparing my life, and am
glad for any attention my sickness has attracted for the plight of
West Africa in the midst of this epidemic."
The president of Samaritan's Purse, Dr Franklin Graham,
responded to critics: "Instead of cheering for lives saved . . .
some are now debating whether a heroic doctor like Brantly should
have received the experimental treatment . . . a doctor who will
say thank you by returning to some of the darkest, dirtiest,
loneliest places on earth to bring hope and healing to others.
Where is the ethical dilemma?"
The US Episcopal Church's Relief and Development teams are
working in the region, distributing medical supplies and
information about the virus. The Archbishop of the Internal
Province of West Africa, Dr Jonathan Hart, told Episcopal News that
people were struggling with conflicting desires to care for their
sick family members, and prepare the bodies of those who had died,
with the necessity of not coming into contact with the bodily
fluids that spread the virus.