*** DEBUG END ***

Constitution needs to be protected from ministers

14 April 2023

A new report shows that the the Government is not being held sufficiently to account, argues Nicholas Reed Langen

THE Government’s decision-making is motivated more often by the desire to produce popular sound-bites than by well-evidenced moral or economic principles. For example, an Afghan fighter pilot who made his way to the UK is threatened with deportation to Rwanda because he arrived via the Channel, and the Government refuses to recognise that there are no longer effective legal routes to enter the country.

Ministers attack the European Convention on Human Rights, with the intention of carving dividing lines into the population. Politicians float policies with populist appeal, such as detaining asylum-seekers on prison hulks.

Things could be even worse, as we were reminded when Boris Johnson appeared last month before the House of Commons Privileges Committee. He was questioned about what he had told Parliament about his conduct, and the conduct of his ministers and staff, during the pandemic. He obfuscated and blustered, and denied that he had deliberately misled the House of Commons. If the Committee finds that he did so, he will have violated one of the few absolute principles of British politics.

Mr Johnson may be gone from high office; but, in its recent report, the Constitution Society, an independent group of constitutional experts, identifies continuing concerns about the extent to which the Government is accountable. While Rishi Sunak’s conduct might be less remarkable than Mr Johnson’s, the fact that his government is not degrading constitutional principles further does not mean that it is restoring them. Instead, the “evidence to date fails to suggest that . . . [a] much needed [reversal] of course has come about,” the report says.


POSITIVE action is needed to “to bolster standards”, the report says, so that the Government is held to account. Mr Johnson’s premiership exposed the flaws in the UK’s Constitution. He took advantage of norms and principles that depended on the “constraint and good judgement of the prime minister”.

As Lord Geidt and Sir Alex Allan, the two consecutive independent advisers on ministerial interests for Mr Johnson’s government, discovered, their advice and conclusions were irrelevant if the Prime Minister did not want to take them forward. Mr Sunak has done nothing to change this. Even as he appointed Sir Laurie Magnus to the post, Mr Sunak placed limitations on him, such as forbidding him to investigate Suella Braverman’s reappointment as the Home Secretary.

Restrictions such as these on the Government’s Independent Adviser show that the post is independent in name only. As the Constitution Society recommends, both the Independent Adviser on Ministerial Interests and the Commissioner for Public Appointments should exist on a statutory footing. Their function in holding the Government to account should be supported by Parliament rather than depend on attitudes in Downing Street.

In its report, the Constitution Society criticises the tendency of successive governments to hand power to the Executive, such as bypassing laws to delegate power to the Government. The report says that ministers are comfortable making “questionable assertions to Parliament, whether on asylum or migration”, and that the Executive is creating and deploying “extensive delegated law-making powers”.

Such an attitude might have been necessary during the pandemic, but the exigencies of that emergency have faded away. As the Bishop of St Albans, Dr Alan Smith, observed recently in the House of Lords: “What is concerning . . . is that the Government’s widening use of delegated legislation is not limited to emergencies, but is now being used routinely” (News, 20 January).


WHEN there are “good chaps” in government, the latitude given to the ministers by the British Constitution might cause only limited harm. But we cannot rely on parties to select moral leaders, or on the people to elect good prime ministers. There are few obvious solutions; many of the Constitution Society’s proposals hinge on the Government’s unilaterally deciding to impose solutions on itself. It puts the Constitution in a catch-22.

The courts are one option; but, so far, judges have been reluctant to step forward. As the report observes, even though the Sewel Convention, which regulates the relationship between the British and Scottish governments, exists in statute, the courts have declined to enforce it.

Unless MPs finally tire of being dominated by the Executive, the only solution might be a General Election. Assuming that Labour returns to power, it would then be up to Sir Keir Starmer’s government to construct the constitutional architecture that insulates key values within the heart of the UK’s constitution.

Nicholas Reed Langen is a writer on legal and constitutional affairs, a former Re:Constitution Fellow (2021-22), and editor of the LSE Public Policy Review.

Read the Constitution Society’s report at: consoc.org.uk/publications

Browse Church and Charity jobs on the Church Times jobsite

Letters to the editor

Letters for publication should be sent to letters@churchtimes.co.uk.

Letters should be exclusive to the Church Times, and include a full postal address. Your name and address will appear below your letter unless requested otherwise.

Forthcoming Events

Green Church Awards

Awards Ceremony: 6 September 2024

Read more details about the awards


Festival of Preaching

15-17 September 2024

The festival moves to Cambridge along with a sparkling selection of expert speakers

tickets available


Inspiration: The Influences That Have Shaped My Life

September - November 2024

St Martin in the Fields Autumn Lecture Series 2024

tickets available



Festival of Faith and Literature

28 February - 2 March 2025

The festival programme is soon to be announced sign up to our newsletter to stay informed about all festival news.

Festival website


Visit our Events page for upcoming and past events 

The Church Times Archive

Read reports from issues stretching back to 1863, search for your parish or see if any of the clergy you know get a mention.

FREE for Church Times subscribers.

Explore the archive

Welcome to the Church Times


To explore the Church Times website fully, please sign in or subscribe.

Non-subscribers can read four articles for free each month. (You will need to register.)