I AM taking time out on Wednesday 26 June to be in Westminster. On that day, the Climate Coalition will draw together thousands of people from every corner of Britain. We will be there to tell our politicians that the time is now to end our contribution to climate change and protect our natural environment. There will be a march and a mass lobby of MPs.
I will be there with many of our senior team and, I hope, hundreds of people from the diocese of Oxford. It’s good that each of us takes responsibility for our own waste and energy. It’s great that our churches are having energy audits and thinking about their investments. But, to deal with the greatest crisis of the age — the growing climate catastrophe — we also need to make our voice heard with many, many others.
THIS summer, the Government will decide whether or not it will plan to end the UK’s contribution to climate change by committing to a net zero-emissions target. The recent report by the UK Committee on Climate Change believes that it is possible and necessary to do that by 2050. Earlier would be better.
This summer, the Government will also have the opportunity to agree to a new, strong Environment Bill. We are in the midst of political turmoil as a nation. All of our national attention is consumed by Brexit and a change of Prime Minister.
This is the moment to put climate change back on the political agenda. That can only happen if people show that they care enough to be there.
The bishops of the Anglican Communion will come to the Lambeth Conference in 2020, many from areas of the world already scarred by drought and storms and deserts and rising sea levels. They are our sisters and brothers. What will we say to them? The UK is bidding to host the vital United Nations Climate Change Conference, also in 2020. These are the critical make-or-break years for the future of the earth. Can we make our voice heard?
IN THE story of Genesis, God places the man and the woman in the garden to till it and keep it for the blessing of the earth, not for its exploitation. John 3.16 reminds us that God so loved the world, the cosmos, the whole of creation that he sent his Son to save it. But, faced with a growing climate crisis, there has been insufficient energy or interest across the Church in recent years.
There are some hopeful signs and prophetic voices. Sir David Attenborough continues to speak powerfully for the earth through books and documentaries. Greta Thunberg has mobilised a generation to seek to lift climate change up the political agenda. We must not leave them to carry this issue alone, or leave it to the more strident and militant voices that will grow, unless governments respond with action and commitment.
THREE books published recently are unflinching in the lessons that they have to share with us. They spell out the urgent need for a global, political, and economic way forward:
Nathaniel Rich has recently published Losing Earth: The decade we could have stopped climate change. Rich tells the story of the attempt to limit global warming in from 1979 to 1989 by restricting greenhouse-gas emissions. For a short time, there was a window, after the discovery of the “hole” in the ozone layer. Action was taken globally to restrict the use of gases that caused this.
But our politicians failed us when it came to global warming. More carbon has been released into the atmosphere since 1989 than in the entire history of civilisation, preceding the first global climate-change conference. Why have our politicians failed us? Partially, it is because you and I, the voters in the democracies, looked away. We simply could not face the reality of what was coming towards us. We still can’t.
The New York Times recently published an interactive presentation by Nathanial Rich. It’s well worth a look.
A second journalist looks to the future. David Wallace Wells published The Uninhabitable Earth: A story of the future earlier this year. The opening line of the book is all you need to know: “It is worse, much worse than you think.”
The book explores the catastrophic effects of present and future climate change (future means within my lifetime and the lifetime of my children). The chapter headings are sobering enough: heat death (as temperatures rise); hunger (as we cannot grow food); drowning (as sea levels rise); wildfire (as nature burns); and unbreathable air.
Yesterday, 5 June, was World Environment Day, and the theme is growing air-pollution. A report published this week by the European Academies’ Science Advisory Council concludes that almost 30,000 early deaths a year in the UK could be prevented by ending the burning of fossil fuels.
The substance of every single chapter of Wells’s book was worse than I expected it to be. The science is irrefutable. We are on a path to three or four or more degrees of global warming. Radical change is needed now to limit that warming to 1.5 or 2 degrees. We are currently failing. Even if we are “successful”, we are still talking about damage limitation.
Half of all British CO2 emissions come from four sources: inefficient construction; food waste; electronics; and clothing. In the United States, the same four categories account for 66 per cent of wasted energy.
Eliminating CO2 increases now is much easier than (theoretically) trying to remove it later. Wells makes this point forcefully and highlights the gap between theoretical, technological promise, and current reality.
At the present rate of change, a study from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology last year shows that we will take 400 years to get to fully clean energy. And, while the cost of solar energy has fallen 80 pre cent since 2009, current technology proof-of-concept plants show that we would need a billion carbon-capture and storage plants to reduce the carbon count by just 20ppm.
The second part of the book explores the central paradox of climate change: at one level, we know that change is happening, yet we do nothing year after year — in fact, together we are creating an abyss of human suffering. I will explore this further in a future article, but the question we face is stark: Will we simply burn ourselves up and destroy the environment that we need to survive? Will the earth we love become as barren as Mars and Venus?
Mike Berners-Lee is a professor in the Institute for Social Futures at Lancaster University. He has written one of the best practical handbooks — There is No Planet B: A handbook for the make or break years — on how to live in the present and on what needs to change.
THERE are no simple solutions; we all have our responsibilities. Flying less, or changing our energy supplier, or eating less beef — these are all good things to do. But, to avert this catastrophe, we also need to look at the larger picture.
We need a global, political, and economic way forward. An essential building-block is a national, political, and economic way forward. The only way to do that is for as many people as possible to find their voice, to contact their Member of Parliament.
You can do that at any time, but it is simply more powerful when we do it together. Come and join us on 26 June.
Sign up here.
Dr Steven Croft is the Bishop of Oxford.