*** DEBUG START ***
*** DEBUG END ***
Important information: We are currently experiencing technical issues with the webiste and it is currently running with reduced functionality, some category pages may not contain a full list of articles and the search is not currently working. We apologise for the inconvenience and should have everything back to normal as soon as possible.

Glossary

by
11 March 2016

Adiaphora: Greek, “indifferent matters” — matters in faith or morals not essential to the faith, concerning which variation is licit. Contrast de fide.

Anathema: Greek “accursed”, and therefore “cut off” (from Church) — judgement and punishment against person on basis of theological position contrary to orthodoxy (and therefore also condemnation of that position).

Apostolic succession: transmission of teaching and authority from apostles, person to person, especially from bishop to bishop by ordination with laying on of hands.

Canon: Greek “rule” or “standard”, used especially of Church’s determination of books regarded as scriptural (”canonical” books); cf. regula fidei (Latin, “rule of — doctrinal standard entrusted to the Church by the apostles.

De fide: doctrines belonging to essence or “deposit” of the faith (Jude 1.3); contrast adiaphora.

Erastianism: doctrine or tendency that subordinates Church to rule and determination of the State (from Thomas Erastus, 16th- century Swiss theologian).

Fathers: see patristic.

Filioque: Latin, “and from the Son” — words added to “Nicene Creed” in West concerning origin of the Holy Spirit from the Father “and the Son” together.

Glossolalia: transliteration of word for “speaking in tongues” in New Testament.

Indefectibility of the Church: belief that the Church preserves the faith and, in the long run, fulfils its mission.

Dulia/Hyperdulia/Latria: patristic distinction between, respectively, honour (due to the saints), highest honour (due to Blessed Virgin Mary), and adoration (due only to God).

Lex orandi, lex credendi: Latin, “the rule (or pattern) of prayer is the rule (or pattern) of belief” — statement about foundational role of liturgy and worship as expression of the faith.

Marcionism: dualist heresy of Marcion of Sinope (c.85–c.160), who distinguished between evil creator God of the Old Testament and good redeeming God of the New Testament, rejecting former.

Marks of the Church: description of characteristics of Church in Nicene Creed — “One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic”.

Paraclete: name for Holy Spirit, from Greek parákletos, derived from John 14-16, meaning comforter or advocate.

Patristic: period of Church Fathers (Greek, patéron; Latin, patrum) and mothers (and study of their writings), roughly until the seventh ecumenical council (AD 787).

Precepts/counsels: moral injunction binding upon all Christians (precepts, e.g. the Ten Commandments); disciplines or states of life conducive to Christian perfection (counsels), especially poverty, chastity, and obedience, not required of all Christians.

Restorationism: rejection of tradition of the Church beyond traditions reconstructed as belonging to the “apostolic period”; characteristic of groups such as Christadelphians and Jehovah’s Witnesses, but also of some Protestant sects.

Forthcoming Events

29 September 2020
Festival of Preaching
A one-day online version of our popular preaching festival. With Mark Oakley, Sam Wells and Anna Carter Florence.   Book tickets

 

19 October 2020
Creativity out of crisis: Hymns and worship webinar
In association with RSCM, this online event will explore creative uses music and liturgy in the context online and socially distanced worship.    Book tickets

Welcome to the Church Times

​To explore the Church Times website fully, please sign in or subscribe.

Non-subscribers can read four articles for free each month. (You will need to register.)