*** DEBUG END ***

The pictures tell the story

23 May 2014

The vision cherished by two American laywomen was realised in a feast of religious imagery housed in the Church of the Transfiguration, in Cape Cod. Kitty Teague reports


The interior of the church, showing the mosaic aisle

The interior of the church, showing the mosaic aisle

NESTLED in the small town of Rock Harbor, in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, lies a rare jewel. The richly decorated Church of the Transfiguration, adorned with contemporary artwork, is the home of the Community of Jesus.

The buildings and the community are the realisation of a dream of two Episcopal laywomen, Cay Andersen and Judy Sorensen. The two met at the Episcopal Church of the Holy Spirit, Orleans, Massachusetts, in June 1958, and quickly became friends.

After initiating a prayer-and-Bible-study group in Mrs Sorenson's home on Crystal Lake, New Jersey, the women began to reach out to larger audiences, who were inspired by their practical application of biblical teachings to everyday life.

When the women and their families decided to share a home in 1961, however, they began to appreciate the benefits of community life. By the following year, they had gathered a significant following of women who shared their enthusiasm.

By now, they had defined several principles: emphasising the importance of preferring others to oneself; striving together for a common purpose; and depending on the guidance of the Holy Spirit in making joint decisions. The Community of Jesus was conceived.

It continued to grow, and, by 1969, the homes of the earliest members had been converted into buildings for church use; other houses near by were bought, and the foundations of the community were established. Through the '70s and '80s, the community life evolved into an ecumenical monastic order in the Benedictine tradition, and the community adoped a formal Rule of Life in 2003.

NOW, more than half of the lay members live in housing surrounding the church buildings. There are also 25 Brothers living in the Zion Friary, and 60 Sisters in Bethany Convent. Worship and daily life remain distinctly Episcopalian, but Benedictine.

The earliest buildings of the community - one of them a working bed and breakfast - were the homes of the founders and its first members. But, as the community and the number of visitors grew, expansion became necessary. After Andersen's unexpected death in 1988, and Sorensen's retirement in 1992, the community elected a prioress, Mother Betty Pugsley, who still leads the community.

It was she who drew together earlier plans and ideas for a new church to replace the first chapel (a converted pump-house). She formed a planning committee to collaborate with architects and lawyers in coming up with a suitable design. William Rawn Associates, Architects, of Boston, was comissioned with the design for the community buildings and the church itself, the construction of which began on All Saints' Day 1997. By 2000, the basilica-style church, built from Minnesota limestone, was complete.

The most striking feature of the Church of the Transfiguration is its commitment to the use of contemporary art and craft, displayed in a recently published and richly illustrated book. Anderson and Sorensen believed that the images in the church should bear faithful adherence to scriptures, and should, throughout the community buildings, tell the story of the Bible from Genesis to Revelation.

Sister Mercy, who works in the marketing department of the community, says: "We believe that beauty, visualised in the arts, can be an expression of the nature of God himself. The spirit of creativity released through the arts can carry the message of the gospel in a powerful way, beyond just words."

The community commissioned artists from around the world, the quality of whose work would not be out of place in a major cathedral.

The eloquent narrative begins with the church entrance. Carved into the outside of the high bronze doors, which were constructed by the sculptor Romolo Del Deo, is the image of Adam and Eve with the Tree of Life - the tree is a recurring theme - welcoming all who enter.

INSIDE, a processional pathway in mosaic, constructed by Alessandra Caprara and painted by Helen McLean, runs the length of the nave, and connects the font and the altar. The first image is a seed and the roots of the Tree of Life. Then, stories from the Bible flow in chronological order; Cain and Abel, Noah and the Flood, the life of Moses, and the life of Elijah.

Towards the end of the pathway, near the altar, are four images that portray the values central to community life. An image of a bee and a beehive, depicting the organised activity and spiritual life of the monastic community, is followed by a chrysalis, a symbol of conversion and of the resurrection. Next is a crane, symbolising obedience, and then a rock to portray stability.

On the east wall of the church is a mosaic of Christ returning in glory at the end of the time. He presides over the River of Life, which swirls around his feet and gushes forth in the four Gospels, which are represented by the four winged creatures, symbols of the Gospel-writers. In the centre of the bottom panel of the mosaic is the Lamb of God.

The series of frescos on the north and south walls of the nave, painted by the Florentine artist Silvestro Pistolesi, recount the story of the life of Christ, from beginning to end.

Perhaps the most surprising image in the community is the depiction of the Transfiguration, which flanks the inside of the main door in the west wall. There is no physical representation of Christ; instead, a panel of gold and clear glass rises to the ceiling, filling the space between the oculus window and the apostles sculpted in the lintel below.

The glasswork, by the German sculptor Gabrielle Wilpers, evokes both the Hebrew Shekinah - the presence of God - descending upon, and dwelling with, his people, and the brightness of Christ's transfigured raiments.

The presence of Christ, whose face "shone like the sun", is symbolised in the vibrant, fiery colours and shapes of the oculus window, created by Helen McLean.

The carvings beneath the glass panel, designed by McLean and sculpted by Régis Demange, show Peter, James, and John, who, true to Matthew's description, "fell on their faces and were filled with awe".

The Church of the Transfiguration by the Community of Jesus is published by the Paraclete Press at £39.99 (Church Times Bookshop £35.99).

Browse Church and Charity jobs on the Church Times jobsite

The Church Times Archive

Read reports from issues stretching back to 1863, search for your parish or see if any of the clergy you know get a mention.

FREE for Church Times subscribers.

Explore the archive

Welcome to the Church Times


To explore the Church Times website fully, please sign in or subscribe.

Non-subscribers can read four articles for free each month. (You will need to register.)