THE office of Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of All England
and Metropolitan, was conferred on the Most Revd Justin Welby on
Monday, during a ceremony in St Paul's Cathedral.
He is now Archbishop, although his public ministry will not
begin until after his enthronement in Canterbury Cathedral on 21
March. Last month, Archbishop Welby was elected the 105th
Archbishop of Canterbury by the 35-strong College of Canons of
Canterbury Cathedral (
News, 18 January).
The Confirmation of Election in St Paul's was "something like
evensong meets Iolanthe", the Dean of St Paul's, the Very
Revd Dr David Ison, said.
Before the ceremony started, Archbishop Welby could be seen
greeting members of his family - he has five children and a
grandchild - and well-wishers from former churches at which he had
The ceremony was presided over by the Archbishop of York, Dr
Sentamu, assisted by the Bishops of London, Winchester, Salisbury,
Worcester, Rochester and Lincoln, who hold historic ceremonial
offices in the Province of Canterbury. The Bishops of Leicester and
Norwich were also in attendance.
Dr Sentamu delivered a short sermon, in which he advised
Archbishop Welby to "take to heart the wisdom of Ecclesiastes".
This had been the Old Testament lesson, read by the Bishop of
Winchester, the Rt Revd Tim Dakin, who is Provincial Chancellor. Dr
Sentamu said that Ecclesiastes showed that "life is not to be found
on . . . the final rung of the corporate ladder. . . It is down
here in simple things."
Referring to the New Testament lesson (2 Timothy 4.1-8), Dr
Sentamu challenged Archbishop Welby "to take to heart the Apostle
Paul's challenge to preach the gospel. This proclamation must be
relevant, urgent, patient, and intelligent."
The said litany was read by the Bishop of London, the Rt Revd
Richard Chartres. Prayers were led by the secretary-general of the
Anglican Communion, Canon Kenneth Kearon; the Prolocutor of the
Province of Canterbury, the Ven. Christine Hardman; and Margaret
Swinson, a General Synod member, acting in her capacity as a Church
of England representative on the Anglican Consultative Council.
The legal Confirmation of the Election was, however, the
centrepiece of the service. The Proctor, appearing on behalf of the
College of Canons of Canterbury read the Letters Patent. An
Advocate presented the Archbishop-elect to Dr Sentamu and the other
bishops, who were lined up behind a table.
After various documents had been presented and signed, the
Archbishop-elect swore the Oath of Allegiance to the Queen, and
made a formal written Declaration of Assent to his election as
Archbishop of Canterbury.
At the end of the service, which lasted about an hour and a
quarter, Archbishop Welby undertook his first act as Archbishop: to
bless the congregation.
Later, he wrote on Twitter: "St Paul's Cathedral amazing
setting, beauty and wild colours: goes with huge challenge for all
involved in serving Christ, action and words."
THE Archbishop of Canterbury sought to reassure the City
of London on Monday that he was "not throwing stones" at it by
sitting on the Parliamentary Commission on Banking Standards,
writes Ed Thornton.
Last month, Archbishop Welby questioned former
executives of the Swiss company UBS, who were giving evidence to
the commission about the Libor rate-rigging scandal (
News, 18 January). He said that he had been "stunned" to learn
of the corruption at the bank.
Speaking at a lunch at the Mansion House on Monday,
after his Confirmation of Election in St Paul's, Archbishop Welby
said: "The City of the future should be highly profitable, but from
serving the communities of the UK and
overseas. It should grow a culture that takes the best of the past,
the intelligence, the drive, the innovation and entrepreneurial
skills, and puts those talents to the benefit of the common
He spoke in support of the decision by the Chancellor of
the Exchequer, George Osborne, to "electrify the ring fence"
between high-street and investment banks, as recommended by the
Banking Standards Commission. "It is not playing politics with
banking, but ensuring that this country has the most flexible and
effective banking system in the world."
Lord Adonis, a former government minister, offered some
advice to Archbishop Welby in an open letter in The Times
on Tuesday: "You are likely to fail if you try to lead from the
inside, by seeking to build majorities in shadowy, inward-looking
bodies like the 'House of Laity', of which most of us had not even
heard until it vetoed women bishops. Rather, you need to lead from
the outside, appealing to the body of churchgoers, and the wider
public that regard themselves as Christian, to support you and
fellow reformers in bringing the Church into full communion with
the society it is dedicated to serve."