THE Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Revd Justin Welby, was
enthroned on Thursday in Canterbury Cathedral, at a service that
combined tradition with modern reminders of his international
position in the Anglican Communion.
Great emphasis was placed during the service on the relationship
between the Anglican Church and its ecumenical partners. And
although the African element constituted only one element of the
service, its colourful impact made it one of the most
The service was preceded by a procession lasting 50 minutes.
Among the congregation were the Prince of Wales, representing the
Queen, and the Duchess of Cornwall. The Government was well
represented by the Prime Minister and other prominent figures such
as the Home Secretary, Theresa May, and the Lord Chancellor, Chris
Grayling. The Leader of the Opposition, Ed Miliband, also
Civic dignitaries from the city and county were there in force,
led by the Lord Lieutenant, Lord De L'Isle. The Lord Mayor of
Canterbury was resplendent in gold braid and feathered tricorn hat,
as he processed behind the sword and mace of the city.
Ecumenical representatives included Archbishop Gregorios of
Thyatiera and Great Britain; the Moderator of the Free Churches
Group, the Revd Michael Heaney; and Metropolitan Hilarion, Hierarch
of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. Cardinal Kurt Koch,
President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity,
came from the Vatican. Among the leaders from other faiths were
rabbis, imams, and a Parsee.
Pope Francis had sent his greetings, saying that he was looking
forward to meeting Archbishop Welby "and to continuing the warm
fraternal relations that our predecessors enjoyed. . . Please be
assured of my prayers as you take up your new responsibilities, and
I ask you to pray for me."
Pope Emeritus Benedict had also written to the Archbishop with
"prayerful good wishes" and "sentiments of fraternal regard",
referring to "the preacher's task . . . to speak the truth with
love. . . May your apostolate yield a rich harvest," he wrote.
There were also a number of Roman Catholic Benedictine
religious, including Dom Richard Yeo, the Abbot-President of
English Benedictine Congregation. Their plain cream habits
contrasted with the splendour of the headgear of many of the
Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox representatives. One former
Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Carey of Clifton, was present as a
guest of the Dean and Chapter.
The congregation had already sung three hymns (including "Great
is Thy faithfulness" and "Come down, O love divine"), by the time
the Archbishop knocked on the West Door three times with his
The doors were opened, to a fanfare, and, in an innovation, the
Archbishop was welcomed with a short set of formalised questions
about his ministry, which he had composed himself. They were put to
him by a 17-year-old representative of the Anglican Communion,
Evangeline Kanagasooriam, a pupil at the King's School, Canterbury.
Asked: "How do you come among us, and with what confidence?" the
Archbishop answered: "I come knowning nothing except Jesus Christ
and him crucified, and in weakness and fear and in much
In keeping with the season, Archbishop Welby proceeded to the
nave altar during the singing of "When I survey the wondrous
cross". There he knelt in silence, before another hymn, the ancient
Then came the necessary legal declarations, after which the
Archbishop was presented with the Canterbury Gospels, brought to
England in 597 by his predecessor St Augustine, for him to kiss.
Then, in another new feature, the Archbishop added his signature to
those of the other Co-Presidents of Churches Together in England on
an ecumenical covenant.
Readings followed from Ruth and 2 Corinthians, both read by
co-presidents of Churches Together in England, the Lutheran Bishop,
the Rt Revd Jana Jeruma Grinberga, and the Roman Catholic
Archbishop of Westminster, the Most Revd Vincent Nichols.
Then came the two enthronements, preceded by the hymn "The
Church's one foundation". First, Archbishop Welby was installed in
the diocesan throne by the Archdeacon of Canterbury, the Ven.
Next, the hymn "Saranam", to a Punjabi melody, was sung, though
in a more low-key way, since the tune was unfamiliar to many in the
Then the Dean of Canterbury, the Very Revd Robert Willis, placed
the Archbishop in the Chair of St Augustine, confirming him as
Primate of All England and Metropolitan, "that by God's grace you
may guide and govern this see to which the eyes of all Anglican
Christians look as the centre of their Communion and
The Archbishop of Burundi, the Most Revd Bernard Ntahoturi,
blessed him in French, asking God to grant him "the power to guide
and rule the Church with courage and with love".
The Dean then presented the Archbishop to the congregation,
which greeted him with sustained applause. This was repeated,
perhaps a little more spontaneously, at the end of the service as
the Archbishop processed out.
After his presentation, Archbishop Welby introduced the peace,
which the congregation then shared, during which the Evangelical
anthem "In Christ alone" was sung.
This was followed by song and dance: "Gbeh kpa kpa ba",
performed a London-based group, Frititi, using elements of melodies
from Ghana. The dancing drummers, dressed in bright mustard and red
polka-dot trousers led the Archbishop to the pulpitum screen, where
he proclaimed the Gospel. The passage was from Matthew 14, the
account of Jesus's walking on water.
Then followed the sermon, in which the Archbishop described this
country as one which, "for more than a thousand years . . . has to
one degree or another sought to recognise that Jesus is the Son of
His vision of a Christian England was clear: "There can be no
final justice, or security, or love, or hope in our society if it
is not finally based on rootedness in Christ."
In a reference to St Peter, he spoke of the "Christ-liberated
courage" with which the world had to face its present environmental
and economic problems.
And there was a reference to St Peter's latest representative:
"In humility and simplicity, Pope Francis called us on Tuesday to
be protectors of each other: of the natural world, of the poor and
vulnerable. Courage is released in a society that is under the
authority of God, so that we may become the fully human community
of which we all dream."
An organ improvisation followed, during which symbols
representing regions of the Anglican Communion were placed on the
high altar: an olive-wood cross from Bethelehem; water from Canada;
a bread packet from Kenya, presented by a member of the Mothers'
Union; from Hong Kong, a picture made of rice; and from the
Democratic Republic of Congo, a wooden carving of a volcano,
representing the desire for peace.
The Nicene Creed that followed omitted the filioque (now a
standard act when ecumenical guests are present), after which the
choir sang the Te Deum in C by Benjamin Britten, whose centenary is
celebrated this year.
Intercessions were led by representatives from the diocese of
Canterbury, ending with the General Thanksgiving from the Book of
Common Prayer -although the text was change to make the language
A new anthem by Britten's godson, Michael Berkeley, set words
from the Rule of St Benedict, "Listen, listen, O my child". It was
specially commissioned for the service by Archbishop Welby's mother
and stepfather, Lord and Lady Williams of Elvel.
The Archibishop then blessed the congregation in the quire, and
processed to the nave altar during the singing of Charles Wesley's
"And can it be . . ?" There he blessed the congregation in the
nave, before heading to the West Door and the waiting
After a short chat with the Prince of Wales, the Archbishop was
escorted to the Chapter House, and placed in his seat by the Dean,
where he received the oaths of obedience from the Chapter and
members of the foundation, including all the choristers, lay
clerks, and Scholars of the King's School, Canterbury.
After this, the Dean closed proceedings with the traditional
prayers in Latin, asking God's blessing on the cathedral community.
The Archbishop then retired to the Deanery.
More than 1000 guests were served tea, and, in the evening, more
than 300 attended a dinner at the University of Kent, hosted by the
Nikaean Club, which offers hospitality on behalf of the
The Very Revd Peter Hughes OSB Cam, an Australian Roman Catholic
Benedictine, addressed the gathering, speaking of Christian
diversity as a strength in the modern world. Archbishop Welby
responded, noting that his guests Rick Warren, the American
megachurch pastor, and the Revd Nicky Gumbel, pioneer of theAlpha
Course, might not have been invited in earlier years. He ended with
a toast to Pope Francis.
Additional reporting by Serenhedd James